The Christadelphian Birmingham Unamended Statement of Faith Or Doctrines Forming Their Basis of Fellowship
- That the only true God is He who was
revealed to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, by angelic visitation and vision, and to Moses at
the flaming bush (unconsumed) and at Sinai, and who manifested Himself in the Lord Jesus
Christ, as the supreme self-existent Deity, the ONE FATHER, dwelling in unapproachable
light, yet everywhere present by His Spirit, which is a unity with His person in heaven.
He hath, out of His own underived energy, created heaven and earth, and all that in them
Deut. 6:1-4; I
Kings 8:30-39; 43-49; I Chron. 29:11-14; II Chron. 16:9; Neh.
9:6; Job 9:4, 26:13, 28:2, 24:21, 36:5; Job 38, 39, 40; Psa.
33:13, 14, 44:21, 62:11, 92:5, 94:9, 104:24, 123:1, 124:8, 139:7-11,
145:3, 146:6, 147:4, 5, 148:5; Prov. 15:3; Isa. 26:4, 28:29 40:13-27 43:10-12, 44:6-8,
45:5, 46:9, 10; Jer. 10:12, 13, 23:24, 27:5, 32:17-19, 51:15; Amos 9:2, 3; Matt. 6:9; Mark
12:29-32; Acts 14:15, 17:24-28; Rom. 16:27; I Cor. 8:4-6; Eph. 4:6; I Tim. 1:17, 2:5,
- That Jesus of Nazareth was the Son
of God, begotten of the Virgin Mary by the Holy Spirit, without the intervention of man,
and afterwards anointed with the same Spirit, without measure, at His baptism.
Isa. 7:14, 11:2, 42:1, 29:1; Matt. 1:18-25, 3:16-17;
Luke 1:26-35; John 3:34, 7:16, 8:26-28, 14:10-24; Acts 2:22, 24, 36; Gal. 4:4; I Tim. 3:16
- That the appearance of Jesus of
Nazareth on the earth was necessitated by the position and state into which the human race
had been brought by the circumstances connected with the first man.
Gen. 3:19; Rom. 5:12-19; I Cor. 15:21, 22: II Cor.
- That the first man was Adam, whom
God created out of the dust of the ground as a living soul, or natural body of life,
"very good" in kind and condition, and he was placed under a law through which
the continuance of life was contingent on obedience.
Gen. 2:7, 17, 18:27; Job 4:19, 33:6; I Cor. 15:46-49
- That Adam broke this law, and was
sentenced to return to the ground from whence he was taken a sentence which in effect
defiled and became a physical law of his being, and was transmitted to all his posterity.
Gen. 3:15-19, 22, 23; Job 14:4, Psa. 41:5; John 3:6;
Rom. 5:12, 6:12, 7:18-24; I Cor. 15:22; II Cor. 1:9; 5:2-4; Gal. 5:16, 17.
- That God, in His kindness, conceived
a plan of restoration which, without setting aside His just and necessary law of sin and
death, should ultimately rescue the obedient of the race from destruction, and people the
earth with sinless immortals.
John 1:29, 3:16; Rom. 3:26; II Tim. 1:1, 10; Titus 1:2; I John 2:25; Rev.
- That he inaugurated this plan by
making promises to Adam, Abraham, and David, which were afterwards elaborated in greater
detail through the prophets.
3:15, 22:18; Psa. 89:34-37; Isa. 25:7-9, 51:1-8; Jer. 23:5; Hosea 13:14.
- That these promises had reference to
Jesus Christ, who was to be raised up of the condemned race of Adam, in the line of
Abraham and David and who, though wearing the condemned nature, was to obtain a title to
resurrection, by perfect obedience, and by dying, abrogate the law of condemnation for
himself, and all who should believe and obey him.
Psa. 2:6-9; Jer. 23:5; Dan. 7:13; 14; Zech. 14:9; Matt. 25:21;
Mark 16:16; John 5:21-27, 14:3; Acts 13:34-39; Rom. 1:3, 3:22, 5:19-21, 6:9, 10, 8:3, 4; I
Cor. 15:45; Gal. 1:4, 4:4, 5; Eph. 1:9, 10; Heb. 1:9, 2:14-17, 5:3-9, 7:27, 9:26; Rev.
1:18, 2:7 3:21, 11:15.
- That it was this mission that
necessitated the miraculous begettal of Christ of a virgin descendant of Adam, enabling him
to bear our condemnation, and, at the same time, to be a sinless bearer thereof, and,
therefore, one who could rise after suffering the dearth required by the righteousness of
God; and thus he destroyed in his own mortal nature that having the power of death, which
is the devil; and will finally destroy the devil, or sin in the flesh, in all its forms of
Matt. 1:18-25; Luke 1:26-35; Rom. 1:3 4, 8:3; II Cor. 5:21; Gal. 4:3, 4; Heb 2:17, 4:15
- That being so begotten of God, and
inhabited and used by God through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, Jesus was Immanuel,
God with us, God manifest in the flesh - yet was, during his natural life, of like nature
with mortal man, being made of a woman, of the house and lineage of David, and therefore a
sufferer, in the days of his flesh, from all the effects that came by Adam's
transgression, including the death that passed upon all men, which he shared by partaking
of their physical nature.
1:23; Gal. 4:4; I Tim. 3:16; Heb 2:14, 17.
- That the message He delivered from
God to his kinsmen, the Jews, was a call to repentance from every evil work, the assertion
of his divine sonship and Jewish kingship; and the proclamation of the glad tidings that
God would restore their kingdom through him, and accomplish all things written in the
Matt. 4:17, 5:17,
20-48, 19:28, 21:42, 43, 23:38, 39, 25:14-46, 27:11-42; Mark 1:15; Luke 4:43, 13:27-30,
19:11-27, 22:28-30, 24:44; John 1:49, 9:35-37, 10:24, 25, 36, 11:27, 19:21.
- That for delivering this message, He
was put to death by the Jews and Romans, who were, however, but instruments in the hands
of God, for the doing of that which He had determined before to be done, viz., the
condemnation of sin in the flesh, through the offering of the body of Jesus once for all,
as a propitiation to declare the righteousness of God, as a basis for the remission of
sins. All who approach God through this crucified, but risen, representative of Adam's
disobedient race, are forgiven. Therefore, by a figure, his blood cleanseth from sin.
Matt. 26:28; Luke 19:47, 22:20, 23:26-48, 24:26, 46,
47; John 11:45-53, 14:16; Acts 4:12, 10:38, 39, 13:26-29, 38; Rom. 3:25, 53, 14:6; Acts
4:12, 10:38, 39, 13:26-29, 38; Rom 3:25, 8:3, 15:8; Gal. 1:4, 2:21, 3:21,22, 4:4, 5; Heb
7:27, 9:14, 15, 26-28, 10:10; I Pet. 2:24, 3:18; I John 1:7.
- That on the third day, God raised
him from the dead, and exalted him to the heavens as a priestly mediator between God and
man, in the process of gathering from among them a people who should be saved by the
belief and obedience of the truth.
Acts 2:24-27, 10:40, 13:30-37; I Cor. 15:4
- That he is a priest over his own
house only, and does not intercede for the world, or for professors who are abandoned to
disobedience. That he makes intercession for his erring brethren, if they confess and
forsake their sins.
28:13; Luke 24:51; John 17:9; Acts 5:31, 15:14; Eph. 1:20; I Tim. 2:5; Heb. 4:1`4-15, 8:1,
10:26; I John 2:1, 2.
- That he sent forth apostles to
proclaim salvation through him, as the only name given under heaven whereby men may be
Matt. 28:19, 20; Luke
24:46-48; Acts 1:8, 4:12 26:16-18
- That the way to obtain this
salvation is to believe the gospel they preached, and to take on the name and service of
Christ, by being immersed in water into his name and continuing patiently in the
observance of all things he has commanded, none being recognized as his friends except
those who do what he has commanded.
Matt. 28:20; Mark 16:16; John 15:14; Acts 2:38-41, 8:12, 10:47, 13:48,
16:31; Rom. 1:16, 2:7, 6:3-5; Gal. 3:27-29
- That the gospel consists of
"the things concerning the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ."
Acts 8:12; 19:8, 10, 20; 28:30, 31.
- That the things of the kingdom of
God are the facts and truths testified concerning the kingdom of God in the writings of
the prophets and apostles, and definable as in the next twelve paragraphs.
- That God will set up a kingdom in
the earth, which will overthrow all others, and change them into "the kingdom of our
Lord and his Christ."
2:44; 7:13, 14; Isa. 11:9,10, 32:1,16; Rev. 11:15.
- That for this purpose God will send
Jesus Christ personally to the earth at the close of the times of the Gentiles.
Psa. 102:16, 21; Dan. 7:13, 14; Acts 1:9,11 e:20-21;
II Tim 4:1
- That the kingdom which he will
establish will be the kingdom of Israel restored, in the territory it formerly occupied,
viz., the land bequeathed for an everlasting possession to Abraham and his seed (the
Christ) by covenant,
22:14, 17; Lev. 26:42 Jer. 23:3-8; Ezek. 37:21, 22; Amos 9:11, 15; Micah 4:6-8, 7:20; Gal.
3:16; Heb 11:8, 9.
- That this restoration of the kingdom
again to Israel will involve the ingathering of God's chosen but scattered nation, the
Jews; their reinstatement in the land of their fathers, when it shall have been reclaimed
from "the desolation of many generations"; the building again of Jerusalem to
become "the throne of the Lord" and the metropolis of the whole earth.
Isa. 11:12, 24:23, 51:3, 60:15, 62:4; Jer. 3:17,
31:10; Ezek. 36:34-36; Micah 4:7, 8; Joel 3:17; Zech. 8:8
- That the governing body of the
Kingdom so established will be the brethren of Christ, of all generations, developed by
resurrection and change, and constituting, with Christ as their head, the collective
"seed of Abraham" in whom all nations will be blessed, and comprising
"Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets," and all in their age of like
Matt. 25:34; Luke 13:28, 14:14; John 5:28, 29, 6:39, 40; I Thess. 4:15, 17; Rev. 11:18.
- That a law will be established,
which shall go forth to the nations for their "instruction in righteousness,"
resulting in the abolition of war to the ends of the earth; and the "filling of the
earth with the knowledge of the glory of Jehovah, as the waters cover the sea."
Isa. 2;4, 11:2-5, 42:4, Micah 4:2; Hab. 2:14
- That at the appearing
of Christ prior to the establishment of the kingdom, the responsible
(faithful and unfaithful), dead and living of both classes, will be summoned
before his judgment seat "to be judged according to their works;"
and "receive in body according to what they have done, whether it be
good or bad."
Rom. 2:5, 6, 16, 14:10-12; I Cor. 4:5; II Cor. 5:10; II Tim. 4:1; Rev. 11:18
[The use of the term
"responsible" means, as the 1877 Statement of Faith expresses it,
"his servants," and is the intent of this Statement of
Faith. Further, the Scriptures teach the resurrection of those "in
Christ," which are comprised of the just and the unjust (servants), or
the whole household of God as the 1869 Statement of Faith (Dr. Thomas's
synopsis) puts it. This Proposition is not intended to and does not
affirm a resurrection of any other than the two classes taught by Scripture
and stated in the 1877 so-called Original Birmingham Statement of Faith.
The unfortunate alteration of the original wording "his servants" to
"the responsible" has unnecessarily modified the meaning and removes
the strength of its intent. Fortunately, the retention of the wording
"both classes" makes it clear that the framers of the Original
Statement of Faith spoke of only tWo classes at the resurrection to Christ's
judgment - faithful servants and unfaithful servants. To go beyond this
Scriptural teaching and proclaim as a first principle of saving truth that God
will of a certainty designate others than servants as being responsible to
resurrection and judgment (the bema of Christ) violates the intent of
this Proposition. The effect of affirmative belief in resurrection of
"his servants" is to be considered in conjunction with Proposition
V, affirming the sentence of Adam's posterity "to return to the
ground," with Proposition VIII, describing Christ "to be raised up
of the condemned race of Adam... and who, though wearing the condemned nature,
was to obtain a title to resurrection, by perfect obedience, and by dying,
abrogate the law of condemnation for himself, and all who should believe and
obey him," with Proposition IX in which it is affirmed that the begettal
of Christ necessitated him "to bear our condemnation," and with
Proposition X in which Christ is described as "a sufferer in the days of
his flesh, from all the effects that came by Adam's transgression, including
the death that passed upon all men, which he shared by partaking of their
This Proposition is not
intended to be construed as an "open question" as to what classes of
people will be raised and judged; it affirms two classes, both of which are
servants or saints. It is of vital importance in recognizing the correct
nature of man, condemnation and its removal, the purpose of baptism, the
effect of the everlasting covenant, the nature and sacrifice of Christ, and
fellowship. The Amended Statement of Faith is not compatible with the
truth stated in Proposition XXV and should be refused as a valid basis of
- That the unfaithful will be
consigned to shame and "the second death," and the faithful, invested with
immortality, and exalted to reign with Jesus as joint rulers of the kingdom, co-possessors
of the earth, and joint rulers of the kingdom, co-possessors of the earth, and joint
administrators of God's authority among men in everything.
Psa. 37:9, 22, 29-38, 49:7, 9; Prov. 10:25-30; Dan.
7:27, 12:2; Mal. 4:1; Matt. 5:5, 7:26, 8:12, 25:21; Luke 22:29, 30; John 10:28; Rom 2:7; I
Cor. 15: 51-55; II Cor. 5:1-4; Gal. 5:21, 6:8; I Thess. 2:12; II Thess. 1:8; II Tim 2:12;
Jas. 1:12; Heb. 10:26-31; II Pet. 1:11, 2:9; Rev. 3:21, 5:9,10, 21:8.
- That the kingdom of God, thus
constituted, will continue a thousand years, during which sin and death will continue
among the earth's subject inhabitants, though in a much milder degree than now.
Isa. 65:20; I Cor. 15:24-28; Rev. 20:7-9, 11:15
- That the mission of the kingdom will
be to subdue all enemies, and finally death itself, by opening up the way of life to the
nations, which they will enter by faith, during the thousand years, and (in reality) at
Isa. 25:6-8; I
Cor. 15:24-26; Rev. 20:12-15, 21:4
- That at the close of the thousand
years, there will be final extinction of the wicked, and the immortalization of those who
shall have established their title (under the grace of God) to eternal life during the
- That the government (in its
mediatorial aspect) will then be delivered up by Jesus to the Father, who will manifest
Himself as the "All-in-all"; sin and death having been taken out of the way, and
the obedient of the race completely restored to the friendship of the Deity.
I Cor 15:28.
- That the scriptures, composing the
book currently known as the Bible, are the only source now extant of knowledge concerning
God and His purposes, and that they were given wholly by the unerring inspiration of God in
the writers, and that such errors as have since crept in are due to transcription or
Neh. 9:30; Luke
1:70; John 10:35; I Cor. 2:13, 14:37; II Tim 3:16; Heb 1:1; II Pet. 1:21
Doctrines to be Rejected
That the Bible is only partly
the work of inspiration ---or if wholly so, contains errors which inspiration allowed.
That God is three persons.
That the Son of God was
co-equal with the Father.
That Christ was born with a
That Christ's nature was
That the Holy Spirit is a
person distinct from the Father.
That man has an immortal soul.
That man consciously exists
That the wicked will suffer
eternal torture in hell.
That the righteous will
ascend to kingdoms beyond the skies when they die.
That the kingdom of God is
That the Gospel is confined
to the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ.
That Christ will not come
till the close of the thousand years.
That the tribunal of Christ,
when he comes, is not for the judgment of saints, but merely to divide among them different
degrees of reward.
That the resurrection is
confined to the faithful.
That the dead rise in an
That the subject-nations of
the thousand years are immortal.
That the law of Moses is
binding on believers of the gospel.
That the observance of Sunday
as a Sabbath is a matter of duty.
That baby sprinkling is a
doctrine of Scripture.
idiots, pagans, and very young children will be saved.
That man can be saved by
morality or sincerity, without the Gospel.
That the Gospel alone will
save without baptism and the continued obedience of Christ's commandments.
That man cannot believe
without possessing the Holy Spirit.
That men are pre-destined to
That there is no sin in the
That Joseph was the actual
father of Jesus.
That the earth will be burned
That baptism is not necessary
That a knowledge of the truth
is not necessary to make baptism valid.
That some meats are to be
refused on the score of uncleanness.
That the English are the ten
tribes of Israel, whose prosperity is a fulfillment of the promises made concerning Ephraim.
That marriage with an
unbeliever is lawful.
That we are at liberty to
serve in the army, take part in politics, or recover debts by legal coercion.
- Love your enemies; do good to them that hate you.
- Resist not evil; if a man smite thee on one cheek,
turn to him the other also. Matt. 5:39,40
- Avenge not yourselves; rather give place unto wrath;
and suffer yourselves to be defrauded. Rom 12:18,19
- If a man take away they goods, ask them not again. Luke
- Agree with your adversary quickly, submitting even
to wrong for the sake of peace. Matt. 5:25
- Labor not to be rich; be ready to every good work;
give to those who ask; relieve the afflicted. Rom 12:13; I Tim 6:8; Heb
13:16; Jas. 1:27
- Do not your alms before men; let not thy left hand
know what thy right hand doeth. Matt. 6:1-4
- Recompense no man evil for evil; overcome evil with
good. Rom 12:17
- Bless them that curse you; let no cursing come out
of your mouth. Matt. 5:44; Rom 12:14
- Render not evil for evil; overcome evil with good. Rom
- Pray for them that despitefully use you and afflict
you. Matt 5:44
- Grudge not; judge not; complain not; condemn
not. Matt. 7:1; Jas. 5:9
- Put away anger, wrath, bitterness, and
all evil speaking. Eph. 4:31; I Pet. 2:1
- Confess your faults one to another.
- Be not conformed to this world; love not the world. Rom
12:2; I John 2:15
- Deny all ungodliness and worldly lusts. If thy right
hand offend thee, cut it off Matt. 5:30; Titus 2:12
- Servants, be faithful, even to bad masters. Eph.
- Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low
estate. Rom 12:16
- Owe no man anything. Rom 13:7,8
- In case of sin (known or heard of), speak not of it
to others, but tell the offending brother of the matter between thee and him alone, with a
view to recovery. Matt. 18:15, Gal. 6:1
- Love the Lord thy God with all they heart.
- Pray always; pray with brevity and simplicity; pray
secretly. Matt. 6:5-7; Luke 18:1
- In everything give thanks to God and recognize Him
in all your ways. Prov. 3:6; Eph. 5:20
- As ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to
them. Matt. 7:12
- Take Christ for an example and follow in his steps. I
- Let Christ dwell in your hearts by Faith. Eph.
- Esteem Christ more highly than all earthly things;
yea, than your own life. Luke 14:26
- Confess Christ freely before men. Luke
- Beware lest the cares of life or the allurements of
pleasure weaken his hold on your heart. Luke 21:34
- Love they neighbor as thyself. Matt.
- Exercise lordship over no one. Matt.23:11
- Seek not your own welfare only, nor bear your own
burdens merely, but have regard to those of others. Gal. 6:2; Phil. 2:4
- Let your light shine before men; hold forth the word
of life. Do good to all men as ye have opportunity. Matt. 5:16; Gal. 6:10;
- Be blameless and harmless, as the sons of God in the
midst of a crooked and perverse generation. Phil. 2:15
- Be gentle, meek, kind-hearted, compassionate,
merciful, forgiving. Eph. 4:32; II Tim 2:24; Tit. 2:2.
- Be sober, grave, sincere, temperate. Phil.
4:5; I Pet. 1:13, 5:8.
- Speak the truth every man with his neighbor; put
away all lying. Eph. 4:25
- Whatsoever ye do, do it heartily as unto the Lord,
and not unto men. Col. 3:23
- Be watchful, vigilant, brave, joyful, courteous, and
manly. I Cor. 16:13; Phil. 4:4; I Thess. 5:6-10
- Be clothed with humility; be patient toward all. Rom.
12:12; Col. 3:12.
- Follow peace with all men. Heb. 12:14
- Sympathize in the joys and sorrows of others. Rom.
- Follow whatsoever things are true, honest, just,
pure, lovely, of good report, virtuous, and praiseful. Phil.4:8
- Refrain utterly from adultery, fornication,
uncleanness, drunkenness, covetousness, wrath, strife, sedition, hatred, emulation,
boasting, vain-glory, envy, jesting and foolish talking. Eph. 5:3, 4
- Whatever you do, consider the effect of your action
on the honor of God's name among men. Do all to the glory of God. I Cor.
10:31; Col. 3:17
- Reckon yourselves dead to all manner of sin
henceforth live not to yourselves, but to him who died for you, and rose again. Rom
6:11 II Cor. 5:15
- Be zealous of good works, always abounding in the
work of the Lord, wearying not in well doing. Gal. 6:9; Titus 2:14
- Speak evil of no man. Tit. 3:2
- Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly. Col
- Let your speech be always with grace, seasoned with
salt. Col. 3:8; 4:6
- Obey rulers; submit to every ordinance of man for
the Lord's sake. Tit. 3:1
- Be holy in all manner of conversation.
I Pet. 1:15,16
- Give no occasion to the adversary to speak
reproachfully. I Tim 5:14
- Contend for the faith which was
once delivered unto the saints. Jude 3
- Forsake not the assembling of yourselves
together, exhorting one another; and so much the more, as ye see the day
approaching. Heb. 10:25
- Take heed to the more sure word of
prophecy. II Pet. 1:19-21
- Stand fast in the faith, quit you like men,
be strong. I Cor. 16:13; II Thess. 2:15; Phil. 1:27
- Preach the word; be instant in season, out
of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine. II
Tim. 4:2; Titus 1:13; 2:15
- Receive not one bringing not the doctrine
of Christ, neither bid him God speed. II John 9-10
- Marry only in the Lord. I Cor. 7:39;
II Cor. 6:14
- Speak the things which become sound
doctrine. Titus 2:1; I Tim. 1:10
- Walk in the light to have fellowship with
God and with Christ. I John 1:5-7
- Have no fellowship with the unfruitful
works of darkness, but rather reprove them. Eph. 5:11.
- Prove all things; hold fast that which is
good. I Thess. 5:21; Heb. 3:6
- Read, hear and keep the words of the
prophecy of the Revelation of Jesus Christ. Rev. 1:3
- Worship God in spirit and in truth. John
- Keep the word. I John 2:5
- Confess that Jesus Christ is come in the
flesh; avoid being a deceiver and an antichrist. II John 7
- Look to Moses and the prophets as a
necessary foundation to the principles of Christ. Luke 16:31
- Recognize that the wisdom that is from
above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be intreated, full
of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy. James